Land Grading & Leveling
Land grading and leveling is the process of creating an even level or slope for new building projects such as foundations, roadways, and drainage. Land grading and leveling are necessary for multilevel land areas that need to be constructed with more support for infrastructure. Land grading and leveling use techniques and tools to realign the land's surface and make it more accommodating for building projects. Without land grading and leveling, new building projects could ultimately erode, slide, tilt, or collapse.
There are different types of land grading that can be done to enhance the support of a piece of land that is being used for a new building project. Methods such as cut and fill grading, for example, remove soil from higher points of the land's slope and fills the lower spots to decrease the intensity of the slope. Ultimately, land grading can make a dramatic slope easier to build on and reduce the difference in height between the bottom level and top peak of a building site.
Similar to land grading, leveling also seeks to reduce the height between the top and bottom of a slope. Leveling, however, aims to completely level out a piece of land and reduce the slope entirely, while grading simply softens the height difference between the lowest and highest point of the slope. Leveling is often done for road works purposes and landscaping, in order to create a more even surface foundation for pavement and landscape designs.
Land grading and leveling are both done for building water drains and drainage systems around residential and commercial properties. Without water drains or drainage systems, water can easily build up or pool around the base of infrastructure, in the dips of slopes, and can waterlog the rest of the land, if the water has nowhere to go. This can be especially detrimental to properties during heavy rainfall as it can lead to flooding and interior water damage. To avoid this, land grading and leveling are recommended for all new building projects with slopes and foundations built together to accommodate one another and divert water away from the property during storms.
In order to construct a new property, whether it be residential or commercial, the land must be adequately prepared beforehand. Building on top of land that has not been prepared, graded, or leveled, can result in erosion and faulty or unstable infrastructure, once in use. It's also more difficult to build on top of land that hasn't been graded and leveled, as flooring, pavement, and other interiors cannot sustain the levels or slopes that are present and untouched. Instead, land grading and leveling are done to prepare a building foundation for new properties and to ensure that they are securely balanced and supported on the land they sit on. Attempting to build on ungraded land can result in quick damages from weather and weight imbalance, so it's crucial to properly prepare the land for a strong foundation.